ANSI

THE NEW ANSI/ISEA 107-2015 STANDARD FOR HIGH-VISABILITY APPAREL

ANSI/ISEA 107-2015 INTRODUCTION

SCOPE: This standard specifies performance requirements for high-visibility safety apparel and accessory PPE. For the purpose of this standard, the term “high-visibility safety apparel (HVSA)” shall be used to mean apparel and accessory PPE intended to provide conspicuity to the user in hazardous situations under any light conditions by day and under illumination by vehicle headlights in the dark or other low light conditions.

Performance requirements are included for color, retroreflection, and minimum areas of retroreflective and combined-performance materials, as well as the recommended configuration of the materials. Performance requirements are also provided for the color, physical properties, and minimum areas of background materials used in the construction of HVSA and accessories. Test methods are provided in the standard to ensure that a minimum level of visibility is maintained when garments are subjected to ongoing care procedures. These specifications may prescribe a wide variety of occupational HVSA, but shall not be applied to firefighter turnout gear.

Intended Use Background Material Retro-reflective or Combined-Performance Materials Example Performance Classes
Type O Class 1 Off-Road 0.14 m² (217 in²) 0.10 m² (155 in²) Warehouse Workers Mining PetroChem Performance Class 1 provides the minimum amount of high-visibility materials required to differentiate the wearer visually from non-complex work environments, in scenarios
in which the struck-by hazards will not be approaching at roadway speeds, and therefore operative detection and identification distances in the work environment can be shorter than in other situations without compromising safety.
Type O ( “off-road”)-Occupational HVSA for Non-Roadway use: Type O provides daytime and night-time visual conspicuous enhancement for workers in occupational environments which pose struck-by hazards from moving vehicles, equipment and machinery, but which will not include exposure to traffic on public access highway right-ofways or roadway temporary traffic control (TTC) zones.
Type R Class 2 Roadway and Temporary Traffic Control Zones 0.50 m² (775 in²) 0.13 m² (201 in²) Roadway Construction Worker Municipalities Airline Ramp Personnel Performance Class 2 provides for the use of additional amounts of high-visibility materials, which may allow design opportunities to define the human form more effectively.
Performance Class 2 HVSA have the potential to provide longer detection and identification distances, and increased conspicuous performance compared to Performance Class 1 HVSA.
NOTE: Performance Class 2 HVSA is considered a minimum practice for HVSA in roadway rights-of-way and temporary traffic control (TTC) zones, as required in the 2009 edition of the MUTCD.
Type R Class 3 Roadway and Temporary Traffic Control Zones 0.80 m²(1240 in²) 0.20 m² (310 in²) Flaggers Dept of Transportation Night-time Work Municipalities State of VA Performance Class 3 can offer greater visibility to the wearer in both complex backgrounds and through a full range of body movements by mandatory placement of background,
retro-reflective and combined-performance materials on sleeves and pant legs (if present). Regardless of the area of materials used, a sleeveless garment or vest alone shall not be considered Performance Class 3.
Type R (“roadway”) – Occupational HVSA for Roadway Use : Type R HVSA provides daytime and night-time visual conspicuous enhancement for workers in occupational environments which include exposure to traffic (vehicles using the highway for purposes of travel) from public access highway rights-of-way, or roadway temporary traffic control (TTC) zones or from work vehicles and construction equipment within a roadway temporary traffic control (TTC) zone.
Type P Class 2 Public Safety 0.29 m² (450 in²) 0.13 m² (201 in²) Police, Fire, EMS, Sheriff, etc. Performance Class 2 provides for the use of additional amounts of high-visibility materials, which may allow design opportunities to define the human form more effectively.
Performance Class 2 HVSA have the potential to provide longer detection and identification distances, and increased conspicuous performance compared to Performance Class 1 HVSA.
NOTE: Performance Class 2 HVSA is considered a minimum practice for HVSA in roadway rights-of-way and temporary traffic control (TTC) zones, as required in the 2009 edition of the MUTCD.
Type P Class 3 Public Safety 0.50 m² (775 in²) 0.20 m² (310 in²) Police, Fire, EMS, Sheriff, etc. Performance Class 3 can offer greater visibility to the wearer in both complex backgrounds and through a full range of body movements by mandatory placement of background,
retro-reflective and combined-performance materials on sleeves and pant legs (if present). Regardless of the area of materials used, a sleeveless garment or vest alone shall not be considered Performance Class 3.
Type P (“public safety”) – Occupational HVSA for Emergency and Incident Responders and Law Enforcement Personnel: Type P HVSA provide daytime and night-time visual conspicuous enhancement for emergency and incident responders and law enforcement personnel in occupational environments which include exposure to traffic (vehicles using the highway for purposes of travel) from public access highway rights-of-way, or roadway temporary traffic control (TTC) zones, or from work vehicles and construction equipment within a roadway temporary traffic control (TTC) zone or from equipment and vehicles within the activity area. Type P HVSA provides additional options for emergency responders, incident responders and law enforcement who have competing hazards or require access to special equipment.
Supplementary Items Class E 0.30 m² (465 in²) 0.07 m² (109 in²) Class E Pants, bib overalls, shorts, and gaiters shall be designated Class E. Class E items shall not be worn alone for the purposes of meeting HVSA PPE requirements. When a Class E item is worn with Performance Class 2 or Class 3, the overall classification will be Performance Class 3.
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